Citation of/in Digital Media


More and more digital media projects are becoming part of scholarly work. Students need to know how to cite the materials or media that they find to use in their projects. Below are some general tips and then examples of how to cite different types of media in three common styles.





General Tips




Citing Audio Files

Creative Commons

Structure:
  1. Title of the song/track.
  2. Author/Creator of the image
  3. Source
  4. License

Example:

“This video features the song "Desaprendere (Treatment)" by fourstones, available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial license.”

MLA

Structure:
  1. Creator last name, creator first name
  2. Title (italicized)
  3. Any additional performers are listed here – first name followed by last name
  4. When citing a performance, list the date of the performance here, with the abbreviation “rec.” preceding the date
  5. Manufacturer and year published/issued
  6. Indicate the original audio format (CD, audiocassette, etc.)
  7. Title of the database or Web site (italicized)
  8. Medium (Web)
  9. Date of access
  10. URL (in angle brackets) – optional
Last name, First name. Song title. Perf. First name Last name. Rec. Day Month
     Year. Manufacturer, Year. Original format. Title of the Web site. Web. Day
     Month Year of access. <opt. URL>.

Example:

Scott, Mrs. Ben, and Myrtle B. Wilkinson. Haste to the Wedding. Rec. 31 October
     1939 by Sydney Robertson Cowell. 78 rpm. Lib. of Cong. Web. 27 Jan.
     2016. <http://www.loc.gov/item/afccc.a4227b4>.

APA

Structure:
  1. Creator’s or performer’s last name, first initial, middle initial (if given) (include composer, performer, lyricist, etc.).
  2. Date (in parentheses). (Year) or (Year, Month Day). Use n.d. for no date.
  3. Title of album (in italics) Title of a song is neither italicized nor uses quotations. Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns.
  4. Description of format (in brackets) [sound recording].
  5. URL (use bibliographic record URL or shorter digital id if available at bottom of bib record).
  6. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Date). Title of work. [Format.] Retrieved from http://...

Example:

Scott, Mrs. B. and M. B. Wilkinson, performers. (31 October 1939). Haste to the
     wedding [Sound recording]. Retrieved from
     http://www.loc.gov/item/afccc.a4227b4.




Citing Images

Creative Commons

Structure:
  1. Title of the image.
  2. Author/Creator of the image
  3. Source
  4. License

Example:


Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco" by tvol is licensed under CC BY 2.0

This is an ideal attribution because there is a title, "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco," an author, "tvol," - linked to his profile page; a source, "Creative Commons 10th Birthday Celebration San Francisco," - linked to original Flickr page and the type of  license "CC BY 2.0" - linked to license deed.

MLA

Structure:
  1. Artist last name, artist first name
  2. Title (italicized)
  3. Date of composition
  4. Format (photograph)
  5. Institution that houses the work, city where the piece is located
  6. Title of the database or Web site (italicized)
  7. Medium (Web)
  8. Date of access
  9. URL (in angle brackets) – optional

Last name, First name. Title. Date of composition. Photograph. Institution,
     City. Title of the Web site. Web. Day Month Year of access.
     <opt. URL>.

Example:

O'Sullivan, Timothy H. Incidents of the War. A Harvest of Death. c1865.
     Photograph. Lib. of Cong., Washington D.C. Lib. of Cong.Web. 27
     Jan. 2016.
     <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/cwp2003001110/PP/>.

APA

Structure:
  1. Photographer’s last name, first initial, middle initial (if given).
  2. Date (in parentheses). (Year) or (Year, Month Day). Use n.d. for no date.
  3. title of photograph italicized if it is a stand-alone document, no italics or quotations if it is part of a larger work, with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized.
  4. Description of format (in brackets).
  5. URL (use bibliographic record URL or shorter digital id if available at bottom of bib record).
Last name, First initial. Middle initial. Title of work (include brackets if the
     title does so) [Format description]. Retrieved from http://....

Example:

O’Sullivan, T. (1863, July). [Incidents of the war. A harvest of death,
     Gettysburg, July 1863] [Photograph]. Retrieved from
     http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/cwp2003001110/PP.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

ITEC Workshops Spring 2017

ITEC Workshop: Adobe Premiere Pro